Opioid replacement therapy (ORT), also called opioid substitution therapy or opioid maintenance therapy, involves replacing an opioid, such as heroin, with a longer acting but less euphoric opioid. Commonly used drugs for ORT are methadone or buprenorphine which are taken under medical supervision.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved three medications for use in the treatment of opioid dependence: methadone, naltrexone, and buprenorphine.
Opioid substitution treatment explained
- From Samsha.gov: Medication-Assisted Treatment for Opioid Addiction – Facts for Families and Friends
- From Nursingworld.org: Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT) for Opiate Dependence—It’s Not “Giving Drugs to Drug Addicts”
- From VA.org: From VA.org Understanding PTSD and Treatments
- From PsychiatryOnline.org: Anticraving medications for relapse prevention